Overview on Agriculture Marketing
Agriculture sector needs structured and functional markets, preferably in vicinity of farmers, to drive growth, employment, remunerative price and economic prosperity in rural areas of the country. Enabling mechanism were also required to be put in place for procurement of agricultural commodities directly from farmers’ field and to establish effective linkage between the farm production, the retail chain and food processing industries. Agriculture being a state subject, a Model APMC Act was formulated and circulated to the States/UTs in the year 2003 for adoption.
The Model Act provides for contract farming, direct marketing, setting up markets in private and co-operative sector, e-trading, single point levy of market fee, single registration of market functionaries, farmer-consumer market etc. Subsidy / eligibility under one central sector scheme( AMIGS) has been restricted to States / UTs where reforms to APMC Act has been done providing for Direct Marketing, Contract Farming and Markets in Private/ Coop Sectors. States / UTs having done these three reforms are Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Tripura. States / UTs where reforms to APMC Act have been done partially are NCT of Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Punjab and Chandigarh. States / UTs where there is no APMC Act are Kerala, Bihar (APMC Act repealed in year 2006), Manipur, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, and Lakshadweep. Tamil Nadu has done reforms by executive orders instead of amending APMC Act. States/ UTs where reforms required to be done are Meghalaya, Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal, Puducherry, and Uttar Pradesh.
- The Market Committees of this Union Territory of Puducherry deals with crops such as paddy, groundnut, pulses, gingelly, cumbu, ragi, maize and cotton.
- Minimum Support Price (MSP) announced by the Government of India is being followed in the Union Territory of Puducherry which ensures the farmers remunerative prices and avoid exploitation by the traders during glut period.
- In the Pondicherry Regulated Market closed biding system is adopted for concluding the transactions and the highest bid quoted by the traders is concluded for sale of each lot of the produce brought and displayed in the yard.
- The Market information with regards to market prices, arrivals etc., are displayed on an Electronic Display Boards at Regulated Markets provided in the website http://agmarknet.gov.in/ and also published in Tamil Dailies for the benefit of farmers and traders. Further, two Regulated Markets and one Uzhavar Sandhai are provided with Internet connectivity and daily prices and arrivals are uploaded in the agmarknet portal.
- At present the Pondicherry Agricultural Produce Marketing Act, 1973 and the Pondicherry Agricultural Produce Market Rules, 1975 are enforced in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
- In order to provide choice of alternative competitive marketing channels to the farmers and to bring reforms in Agricultural Marketing, a model APMC Act is communicated by the Government of India during the year 2007. Based on it a draft Puducherry State Agricultural Produce Marketing (Development and Regulation), Act 2007 was prepared and it is in final stage for enactment in the Puducherry Legislative Assembly.
Uzhavar Sandhais (Farmer’s Market)
- The Pondicherry and Karaikal Market Committees are implementing “Uzhavar Sandhais (Farmer’s Market)” on the lines of a similar programme in Tamil Nadu and “Ryot Bazar” in Andhra Pradesh.
- These direct markets provide a direct interface between the producers and the consumers, thus eliminating the exploitation of farmers by the middlemen and thereby ensuring them a fair price at the same time supply of fresh and quality fruits and vegetables to the urban consumers at remunerative prices.
- Cold Storage Facilities, Stalls, Weighing Machines, Free Transport Facilities are being provided to the farmers-traders.
Crop Calendar of this U.T. of Puducherry
|1.||Rice - I Crop Sornavari / Kuruvai / Samba||May – June||Aug – Sept.||May – June||Aug – Sept||95% of the Crops grown are perennials such as Coconut, Pepper, Betel nuts, cashew, mango and other fruit trees||Jun – Aug||Sept - Oct|
|2.||Rice - II Crop Navarai / Thaladi||Sept – Oct||Dec – Feb||Sept – Oct||Dec – Feb||Nov – Dec||Feb – Mar|
|3.||Millets - Kharif||May – Jun||Sept – Oct||-||-||-||-|
|4.||Millets - Rabi||Dec – Jan||Feb – Mar||-||-||-||-|
|5.||Pulses - Kharif||Apr – May||Jun – Jul||-||-||-||-|
|6.||Pulses - Rabi||Dec – Jan||Feb – Mar||Dec – Jan||Feb – Mar|
|7.||Groundnut - Kharif||May – Jun||Aug – Sept|
|8.||Groundnut - Rabi||Oct – Dec||Mar – Apr||Oct – Dec||Mar – Apr||Feb – Mar||Apr - May|
|9.||Sugarcane||Jan – Apr||Mar – Apr||-||-||-||-|
|10.||Vegetables - Thai Pattam||Jan – Feb||Mar – Apr||-||-||-||-|
|11.||Vegetables - AdiPattam||Aug – Sept||Oct – Dec||-||-||-||-|