- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture & Research Institute, Karaikal
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture (PAJANCOA) was established on 2nd October, 1987 located at Serumavilangai village of Nedungadu Commune of Karaikal region, is spread over an area of 225 acres in the Union Territory of Puducherry, as an autonomous educational institution by the Government of Puducherry. This College has the prime objective of imparting agricultural education and meeting the agricultural research and extension needs of the Union Territory. This college is governed by PAJANCOA(Karaikal) Society with the Chief Secretary, Govt. of Puducherry as the Chairman and affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore for meeting its academic standards. From the academic year 2015-16 the institute is affiliated to the Ponduicherry University. This college has been upgraded as Research Institute in 1997. The Postgraduate degree programme was started from the academic year 1999-2000.
- This College has the prime objective of imparting agricultural education and meeting the agricultural research and extension needs of the Union Territory.
- To impart state-of-the-art in education in agriculture
- To serve as a centre of academic excellence in the area of under-graduate and post-graduate education in agricultural sciences, and to develop innovative concepts, hypotheses, and production technologies
- To undertake basic and scientific research to gain insights in complex mechanisms that will lead to the evolution of new crop varieties, enhanced agricultural production, and preservation of environmental quality.
- To offer training and consultancy to farmers, entrepreneurs, and departmental functionaries
Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, the Institute offers Bachelor of Science in Agriculture with an intake of 88 in the UG program and 30 in the PG Programme. Research activities in the following fields are carried out are as follows -
- Agricultural Economics, Extension & Computer Science
- Agricultural Entomology & Nematology
- Plant Breeding & Genetics
- Plant Pathology
- Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry
The Institute offers financial assistance to all the Postgraduate students @ of ₹2000/- per month not exceeding ₹40,000/- for four semesters subject to compulsory residence in the College Hostel. Merit-cum-means based scholarships are given to the undergraduate students. Apart from the academic programmes, the Institute conducts location specific and need based research programmes to cater to the diverse needs of the farming community. The paddy variety "Karaikal-1" was released by the College in 2007. It also provides technology support to extension personnel of development departments and farmer
The Perunthalaivar Kamaraj Krishi Vigyan Kendra was established on 21st March 1974 and it was the first of its kind in the country with a total area of 145 hectares covering 62.5 acre under wet lands for rice farming, 50.5 acre for rainfed and garden land farming with orchards, plantations & farm forestry, 5.0 acre for Horticultural wing and the rest 27 acre comprises buildings, roads, institutional activities, demonstration units, etc. nearby 8 kilometers west of Puducherry town. This Kendra takes care of the training needs of the farming community on Crop Husbandry, Horticulture, Inland Fishing, Animal Husbandry & Home Science, conducts of refresher courses for the technical staff of the Department of Agriculture, conducting front line demonstrations in the farmers’ fields and undertake research in the field of Agriculture.
Since its inception six varieties of rice have been released. The tissue culture, laboratory and bio control laboratory facilities caters to the bio-technological need of the farming community. This Kendra also offers a certificate course on Vocational Agriculture with an intake capacity of 25 students and conduct of training programmes to farmers / farm women / rural youth in different disciplines viz. Entomolgy, Agronomy, Horticulture, Engineering, Home Science, Soil Science, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Agricultural Extensions.
Some of the achievements by the Kendra since its inception are -
- Identification of the Kendra as one of the test centers under All India Co-ordinated Rice Improvement Project (AICRIP), Hyderabad (1979-80)
- The release of six new paddy varieties viz. PY-l or PuduvaiPonni (1979), PY-2 or Punithavathi (1980), PY-3 or Bharathidasan (1984), PY-4 or Jawahar (1989), PY-5 or Arvindar (1994), PY-6 or SubramaniaBharathi (2000) and PY-7 or Annalakshmi(2007)
- Starting of a one year certificate course in Vocational Agriculture (16.12.1992)
- Establishment of Tissue Culture Laboratory in collaboration with Baba Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (13-1-1996)
- Establishment of Bio Control Laboratory with financial assistance from the Government of India and under the technical guidance of National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Insects (ICAR), Bangalore (1997)
- Launching of the Precision Farming Project with the Department of Agriculture as the coordinating and funding agency (22.08.2008)
This Krishi Vigyan Kendra was established during March 1995 at Madur under Transfer of Technology (ToT) Project of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The same was registered as Society during 2001 and has been functioning under the administrative control of Department of Agriculture, Puducherry.
This institute is to co-ordinate in education, extension research activities and its application in agriculture and allied sciences, to update the knowledge and technical skills of farmers, Farm women, Rural Youth, Extension Functionaries and to link with departments to achieve the integrated development of rural community of Karaikal region.
This Kendra functions with the following mandates -
- Imparting vocational training to farmers, farm women and rural youth;
- Organising In-service training to extension personnel;
- Conducting ‘On-Farm Tests’ for identifying suitable technologies for Karaikal District
- Conducting ‘Front Line Demonstrations’ on major crops to popularize the latest technologies suitable to Karaikal Region.
This KVK is provided with grants for implementing mandatory programmes as well development of infrastructure facilities. Training courses are conducted in the fields of Agronomy, Extension, Horticulture, Plant Protection, Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, Home Science, etc. by the concerned Scientists both on-campus and off-campus. Each training course is of one to three days to 20-30 participants selected from among practicing farmers, farm women, rural youth and extension functionaries
Front Line Demonstration and On-Farm Tests are conducted in farmer’s field and in KVK farm on Paddy, Pulses, Oil Seeds, Coconut, Vegetable crops and in the fields of fisheries and animal husbandry etc., with technological interventions for identifying, assessing and re-defining specific sustainable land use systems. This Kendra is running a Vocational Agricultural School to train-up the farm youth in Scientific Agriculture for one-year period. Production and distribution of certified quality seeds of suitable varieties of paddy crop is also carried out. Farm Advisory Services are extended by this Kendra to the farming community as well as to Self Help Groups of Karaikal region
The Puducherry Agro Service and Industries Corporation Limited, commonly known as “PASIC” was incorporated in the year 1986 under the Companies Act 1956 as No. 399 of 1986
The main activity of the Corporation is the supply and distribution of all agricultural inputs through a network of 42 Agro Depots and 4 horticultural show rooms called “Vasantham”. It also sells vegetables through 5 retail outlets in Puducherry and Karaikal regions, apart from supplying fruits, vegetables, eggs etc. to the hostels/hospitals run by the Departments of Social Welfare, Adi Dravidar Welfare, Health etc. It produces and markets the mineral water “Puducherry” with ISO 9001 Mark. It also undertakes construction of buildings of Government Departments and other autonomous Institutions, besides being involved in the trade of cement, pipes, cables, solar equipment etc. and drilling of tube wells. In Karaikal Region, PASIC maintains 87 community bore wells and supplies water to the farmers for irrigation at nominal cost of ₹5/- per hour. An Integrated Solid Waste Management Project Proposal for processing urban garbage into compost has been approved by the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India.
Foreseeing the future requirements, the Corporation has started another prestigious project of producing organic manure from urban waste with the latest know-how on composting and production of bio-fertiliser. A Joint-Venture has been entered into between PASIC and Pondicherry Co-operative Sugar Mills for production of enriched press-mud compost by utilization of the press-mud (PCSM) sugar mill effluent and Fly-ash.
With the principal market at Thattanchavady and other sub-yards at Madagadipet, Kanniakoil, Koonitchampet, Karaiamputhur and Maducarai, the Pondicherry Market Committee deals with the marketing of Paddy, Millets, Groundnut, Gingelly, Pulses and Cotton
Traders are enrolled by the Committee charging a license fee of ₹ 25/- to ₹ 75/- per year based on the number of crops they trade in. Upon successful bidding, they also have to pay a service charge @ 1 % on the total value of the produce and ₹ 0.30/- paise per bag for wear and tear of gunnies. Hirers and weigh men are also registered by collecting license fee similarly.
The daily functioning of the Regulated Market is as follows: The produce brought by the farmer is received and assigned with a lot number. A token containing the lot number is issued to the farmer and a lot stick is inserted on the particular lot for identification. Subsequently, each lot is weighed by the licensed weigh men and the weight is entered in the chitta bill. Closed bidding system is adopted for determining the price. The licensed traders inspect the various lots displayed in the yard and offer their price for each lot through a bid slip and deposit the bid slips in the bid box kept for that purpose. At the scheduled hour, the Yard Superintendent opens the bid box, takes out all the bid slips and declares the highest price. The price thus declared for each lot is entered in the Bid Declaration Slip. Based on the price so declared and the corresponding quantity of the produce entered earlier in the Chitta Bill, the payment to be made is calculated and accordingly the trader makes the payment to the farmer.
Karaikal Market Commitme is a cooperative body established under section 4 of the Pondicheny Agricultural Produce Martet Act 1973 at Thirunallar Road, Karaikal has started functioning from 13-07-1988 and function with the members nominated by Government of Pondicherry, with the objective of enforcing the provisions of the said Act, for the better regulation of buying and selling of Agricultural Produce and proper administration of markets for Agricultural produces in the Karaikal region. On an average the Regulated Market handles about 11,000 quintals of produce worth about ₹ 100.00 lakhs per annum. The crops covered are Paddy, Black gram, Green gram, Cotton, Groundnut and Gingelly.
Regulated Market facilitate sale of notified Agricultural Produce like paddy by the farmers of Tamil Nadu the Licensed Traders through the Regulated Market, Karaikal established under the said act
Coconut and paddy are the two major crops notified in the Yanam region. There are 28 traders licensed by the Yanam Market Committee, which include 12 rice millers, 8 coconut traders and 11 rice stores. Cess is collected from Rice millers @ 0.7 % on the 50 % value of the paddy marketed in Yanam region. Similar cess is collected on coconut on the entire value of coconuts traded.
The committee arranges for auction / sale of agricultural produce brought into its regulated markets by open bid system.
The Yanam Market committee has one storage godown, one closed auction yard and one godown complex. One rest house has also been built by the Committee to provide accommodation to farmers at a reduced tariff in time of need.The godowns are used for the storage of paddy seeds produced by registered seed growers as well as the Government seed farm. One of these godowns is leased to Puducherry Agro Service and Industries Corporation Limited for the storage of seeds, fertilizers and other agricultural inputs required by the farming community.
Besides its normal activities, the Yanam Market Committee is also selling paddy seeds to the farmers from Kharif 2009 onwards after obtaining a Seed Dealer Licence under the Seeds (Control) Order. With a view to control the prices of vegetables in Yanam region, a vegetable sales outlet was started in January 2009 for supply of vegetables at rates by procuring them from local vegetable growers at remunerative prices.
The Pondicherry Seed Certification Agency is a statutory body established under the Seeds Act, 1966. Its primary function is to undertake certification of the breeder / foundation / certified seeds produced by the Department of Agriculture as well as private seed grower. Seed certification ensures that the genetic and physical purity of the seeds is protected and farmers get good quality seeds. Every year about 800 M.T. of paddy seeds are certified by the Agency. The Agency also conducts training programmes for seed growers and producer.
Establishment a separate Seed Certification Agency for the Union Territory of Pondicherry has helped the Department of Agriculture in substantially increasing the area under certified seeds and achieved a Seed Replacement Rate of 71 % in respect of paddy and also brings considerable area under Pulses, Groundnut and Vegetables under Certification programme.
In order to protect the ground water regime of Puducherry from desaturation, attention was given for rain water harvesting and water conservation programmes during the 10th and 11th Five Year Plan periods under the “Integrated scheme for development, harvesting, recharging and conservation of groundwater”. In addition to this “The Pondicherry Ground Water (Control and Regulation) Act, 2002” was enacted, and the provisions of the act are being implemented by a separate body “Pondicherry Ground Water Authority”. The behavior of ground water is being monitored intensively in terms of quality and quantity.
“The Pondicherry Agricultural Workers’ Welfare Society” was established by the Department of Agriculture in March 2005 with the objective of extending various benefits to the agricultural workers such as providing financial assistance in case of untimely death, group insurance for death/permanent disability, old age pension, maternity benefits to the female agricultural workers and providing tools at subsidized/free of cost to the agricultural workers etc.
The Puducherry Water Resources Organization (PWRO) was established from the year 2011 at Kalapet, Puducherry. A State Hydrology Organization (SHO), functioning as the State Level Nodal Agency, responsible for implementing the project activities, with officials from the Agriculture Department and Public Works Department, comprising of the Project Coordinator, Joint Project Coordinator, Procurement Specialist and a Training Coordinator, has been formulated. The State Level Steering Committee (SLSC), headed by the Secretary in-charge of Irrigation, provides policy guidance to the SHO in the implementation, supported by the State Level Hydrological Information System Coordination Committee (SLHISCC) on the technical issues, which is headed by the Project Coordinator of the Hydrology Project. With an objective to bring all water related data under one roof viz. Surface Water, Groundwater, Water Quality, and Climatological data under one roof, for better future water resources planning and management in Puducherry.
- Improve organizational arrangements for hydrological, hydro-meteorological and water quality data measurement, validation , analysis and storage
- Strengthen institutional and technical capabilities
- Improve physical facilities and services for hydrological, hydro-meteorological and water quality data measurement, validation and analysis
- Improve the use of hydrological, hydro-meteorological and water quality data
- To establish an integrated, user friendly, demand responsive and easily accessible Hydrological Information System (HIS), providing reliable, comprehensive and timely hydrological and meteorological data consisting of scientific hydrological and meteorological observation networks for both surface and ground water data covering quantitative as well as qualitative aspects, data processing and storage facilities, reliable data communications arrangements, and trained man power for HIS operation and user support.
- To extend and promote the sustained and effective use of HIS by all potential users concerned with water resources planning and management, both public and private, thereby contributing to improved productivity and cost effectiveness of water related investment
- To develop a Decision Support System (DSS) to promote meaningful use of the data generated under HIS ,which will support decision making in water resources planning and operational policies.