About the Centrally Sponsored Schemes
1. National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility
The main objectives of the scheme are as follows: -
- To facilitate and promote Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) through judicious use of chemical fertilizers, including secondary and micro nutrients, in conjunction with organic manures and bio-fertilizers, for improving soil health and its productivity.
- To strengthen soil testing facilities and provide soil test based recommendations to farmers for improving soil fertility and economic return to farmers.
- To improve soil health through green manuring.
- To facilitate and promote use of soil amendments for reclamation of acidic / alkaline soils for improving their fertility and crop productivity.
- To promote use of micro nutrients for improving efficiency of fertilizer use.
- To upgrade the skill and knowledge of STL / extension staff and farmers and their capacity building through training and demonstration including demonstration on farmers’ fields regarding benefits of balanced use of fertilizers.
- To ensure quality control of fertilizers through strengthening of fertilizer quality control facility including training to enforcement officers of State Governments for effective implementation of "Fertilizer Control Order".
- To provide financial assistance for upgrading and setting up of STLs / Fertilizer Testing Laboratories and various activities for promoting balanced use of fertilizers.
2. National e-Governance Plan (NeGPA) – Agriculture
A project is to create a conducive for raising the farm productivity and income to global levels through provision of relevant information and services to the stakeholders.
In order to achieve the aforesaid vision, the department has also articulated key SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time-bound) objectives which need to be achieved through the Agriculture MMP. These can be identified as:
- Improve access of farmers to timely and relevant information & services throughout crop-cycle:
- By providing multiple delivery channels to access information
- By reducing time between generation and dissemination of information
- By providing information to the farmer through a uniform platform
- Bringing farmer centricity & service orientation to the programs by providing location specific and up-to-date crop management related information in terms of:
- Good Agricultural Practices – season specific, crop specific, location / zone specific
- Package of Practices – season specific, crop specific, location / zone specific
- Providing personalized advisory services
- Increasing effectiveness of Government service delivery in:
- Certification and licenses related to Manufacturing and Marketing through use of ICT
- Providing easier and approachable channels for grievance registration and tracking
- More effective management of schemes of DAC through process redesign aimed at:
- Effective Monitoring of the Schemes (timeliness of implementation etc.)
- Reducing time required for data consolidation and reporting of schemes at all levels
- Enable private sector participation to benefit farmers by providing an integrated platform to promote value added services in:
- Extension, Marketing (both input and output) and Post-harvest & Storage
3. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo. While Government of India (GOI) contributes 85% of total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except the states in North East and Himalayas, 15% share is contributed by State Governments. In the case of North Eastern States and Himalayan States, GOI contribution is 100%. Similarly, for development of bamboo and programmes of National Horticulture Board (NHB), Coconut Development Board (CDB), Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland and the National Level Agencies (NLA), GOI contribution will be 100%. Guidelines regarding implementation of the scheme are described hereunder.
Main objectives of the Mission are:
- Promote holistic growth of horticulture sector, including bamboo and coconut through area based regionally differentiated strategies, which includes research, technology promotion, extension, post-harvest management, processing and marketing, in consonance with comparative advantage of each State/region and its diverse agro-climatic features;
- Encourage aggregation of farmers into farmer groups like FIGs/FPOs and FPCs to bring economy of scale and scope.
- Enhance horticulture production, augment farmers, income and strengthen nutritional security;
- Improve productivity by way of quality germplasm, planting material and water use efficiency through Micro Irrigation.
- Support skill development and create employment generation opportunities for rural youth in horticulture and post-harvest management, especially in the cold chain sector.
4. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (ACA)
The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI Plan period, by ensuring a holistic development of Agriculture and allied sectors. The main objectives of the scheme are:
- To incentivize the states so as to increase public investment in Agriculture and allied sectors.
- To provide flexibility and autonomy to states in the process of planning and executing Agriculture and allied sector schemes.
- To ensure the preparation of agriculture plans for the districts and the states based on agro-climatic conditions, availability of technology and natural resources.
- To ensure that the local needs/crops/priorities are better reflected in the agricultural plans of the states.
- To achieve the goal of reducing the yield gaps in important crops, through focused interventions.
- To maximize returns to the farmers in Agriculture and allied sectors.
- To bring about quantifiable changes in the production and productivity of various components of Agriculture and allied sectors by addressing them in a holistic manner.
5. National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET)
The Modified Extension Reforms Scheme was introduced in 2010 with the objective of strengthening the extension machinery and utilizing it for synergizing the interventions under these schemes under the umbrella of Agriculture Technology Management Agency. NMAET has been envisaged as the next step towards this objective through the amalgamation of the schemes viz. SAME-Sub-mission on Agricultural Extension, SMSP-Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Materials, SMAM – Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization and SMPP – Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Quarantine
6. National Food Security Mission
To increasing the production of Rice, Wheat, Pulses and Coarse cereals through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts in the country.
- Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and
- Enhancing farm level Economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the farmers
7. National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm
All The interventions suitable for integrated farming systems depending upon the climatic conditions and natural resource base for optimizing farm returns in a suitable manner have been included in this Mission. The Mission imbibes the inputs delivery of existing programmes on Oilseeds and Oil Palm and also restructures the interventions by inclusion / deletion and rationalizing the subsidy thereon.
8. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
The major objective of PMKSY is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.