Towns / Municipalities / Communes & Revenue Villages
Following the introduction of the Pondicherry Municipalities Act, four municipalities came into being viz. Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam Regions. The jurisdiction of the Pondicherry Municipalities extended to 10 Pondicherry and Mudaliyarpet Communes, which stood amalgamated to form a vinyl municipality. The entities of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam Communes formed the Municipalities of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam region respectively. While Pondicherry Municipality was designated as a Selection Grade Municipality. Karaikal and Mahe belonged to Grade -II and Yanam region belonged to Grade-III. under the law all functions excluding those, which were assigned to the Chairman i.e., those which were hitherto exercised by the Mayor appointed under the Municipal Deceit came to exercised by the Commissioner. The Mayors were also relieved of their day-to-day administrative responsibilities enabling them to be in greater contact with the public. A Commissioner (Selection Grade) was appointed as the Executive head of the Pondicherry Municipality, the Karaikal Municipality was headed by Commissioner Grade II. the Municipality of Mahe and Yanam region were headed by Commissioners Grade - III.
Under the dispenation there are only eleven Commune Panchayats viz., Ozhukarai (with 12 members), Ariyankuppam (11), Villianur (12), Mannadipet (12), Nettapakkam (12), Bahour (12), Thirunallar (12), Thirumalarajan Pattinam (4), Neravy (5), Nedungadu (8) and Kottucherry (5). The territorial limits of these commune panchayats are conterminous with the respective communes. Each of the Eleven Commune Panchayats are headed by the Commissioner.
The Council became the governing body of the Municipality as well as the Commune Panchayats with the powers to issue directions to the Executive Authority. The Chairman, as the Presiding Officer of the Municipal Council / Commune Panchayat represents the council in the day-to-day administration of the Municipality / Commune Panchayat and is entiltled to be kept continously informed of the working of the executive authority. The Commissioner has to consult the Chairman in respect of all matters on which such consultation would be conductive to the smooth working of these bodies. While the Commissioner is to function under the general control of the council and to carry out all the lawful decisions and directions. He is expected to discharge all the executive functions vested in him, at full discretion. Whenever the Commissioner feels that a particular direction is against the law, he is entitled to make a reference to the Government and seek its orders. To sum up, the Commissioner is the repository of all executive powers under the Act. No offical correspondence between the Municipality / Commune Panchayat and the Government shall be conducted except through the Chairman.
Any measure which is likely to promte public safety, health or the convenience of the inhabitant of the locality generally comes within the ambit of the functions of the Council. Except in matters where it involves relaxation of any provision of law, rule and in respect of matters which may be subject to restriction and control by the Government, no resolution of the Municipal Council would require the prior approval of the Government. However, an authenicated copy of the minutes of the proceedings of the meeting of the Municipal Council, Commune Panchayat or Village Panchayat is to be forwarded by the Chairman or the President, as the case may be to be Director within three days of the date of meeting. There was no provision in the old law either for a member to resign from the Council or to remove the Major through a motion of no confidence. The new measure provided for such exigencies.