வேளாண் துறை, புதுச்சேரி அரசு DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Union Territory of Puducherry

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Milestones


An independent Department of Agriculture was established in the Botanical Garden, Puducherry as early as in February 1955 with an Agricultural Officer as the Head. Under the French rule it was looked after by "Service Economique", a common unit responsible for maintaining various services.

The first major milestone in the development of the Agricultural Department was the establishment of a State Seed Farm at Madur, Karaikal during the 2nd Five Year Plan (1956-61). Another State Seed Farm was also established at Madagadipet, Puducherry during the 3rd Five Year Plan (1961-66), besides a model Orchard in an area of 8 acres.

An Experimental-cum-Research-Cum-Demonstration Farm was run on a 25-acre leased land at Kirumampakkam during the 3rd Five Year Plan. But the Farm was closed on 30.9.1969 due to lack of funds for land acquisition. The Experimental Research Farm was finally set up at Karaikal adjacent to the State Seed Farm, Madur.

The other important milestones in the growth of the Department of Agriculture are as follows-

1967
The Vocational Agricultural School (VAS) was established on 1-7-1967 at Madur, Karaikal
1968
A Soil Testing Laboratory was set up in the Botanical Garden. Apart from the soil / water samples, fertilizer samples also used to be tested in the Laboratory. Prior to this, soil samples used to be sent to Coimbatore for analysis.
1971
The Farmers' Training Centre was established under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme. The Government Agricultural Engineering Workshop was formally set up during the year and became fully functional from 1973-74
1972
The Quality Control Laboratories for Seeds and Fertilizers were established.
1973
The Pondicherry Agricultural Produce Markets Act was enacted in 1973, and received the assent of the Lieutenant Governor on 28-3-1974. The Pondicherry Agricultural Produce Market Rules came into force in 1975.

The Quality control Laboratory for Pesticides and the Ghee & Oil grading Laboratory were set up in January 1973.
1974
The Country's first Krishi Vigyan Kendra was established on 21-3-1974 as an Agricultural Polytechnic with the support of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. It was taken over by the Government of Puducherry with effect from 1st April 1992 and registered under the Societies Registration Act on 30-5-1994.

The State Ground Water Unit was established.
1975
The Pondicherry Market Committee was constituted. Its primary auction yard at Thattanchavady was set up on 3-7-1978. Additional market yards were started at Madagadipet (20-10-1994), Kanniakoil (14-4-1997), Koonitchampet (3-3-2002), Karayamputhur (29-1-2007) and Maducarai (26-5-2008).
1976
The State Land Use Board was constituted under the State Plan on 19-2-1976. It became a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in 1987 and with the discontinuation of Central assistance has once again reverted to the State Plan from 1-4-2010.

Establishment of the Sugarcane Agronomical Research Farm at Kariamanickam.
1984
Introduction of the Training & Visit System of agriculture extension.

The Pondicherry Co-operative Sugar Mills Ltd., Lingareddipalayam began crushing operations on 18-1-1984. This is the second sugar mill in Puducherry besides the private sector New Horizon Sugar Mills Ltd., Ariyur which was in operation since October 1960.
1986
With the establishment of the Pondicherry Agro Service & Industries Corporation (PASIC), the agro business was taken over from the Department by an autonomous Institution.

The Karaikal Market Committee was constituted in 1986 and started functioning from 13-7-1988.
1987
An Agricultural College was started at Karaikal in October 1987. Classes at Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture had commenced from 15-2-1988 and the first batch of the undergraduate students came out during the academic year 1991-92. The college was upgraded as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute in 1997.
1990
Establishment of the Yanam Market Committee
1992
The Vocational Agricultural School (VAS) for Puducherry region was started at the Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Krishi Vigyana Kendra on 16th October 1992.
1995
Setting up of a Krishi Vigyan Kendra at Madur, Karaikal.
1997
A separate Department of Forestry was created by transferring the Social Forestry programmes of the Agricultural Department along with the staff.
2000
The Pondicherry Seed Certification Agency was formally established by a notification issued on 25-11-1994, but was registered as an autonomous institution under the Societies Registration Act on 10-07-2000. It started functioning from the year 2001-02. Until then, the certification work used to be carried out by the Department of Seed Certification, Coimbatore.

The first Uzhavar Sandhai was launched in Puducherry near the Botanical Garden on 24-2-2000. Four more Uzahavar Sandhais have been started subsequently at Lawspet (10-1-2002), Arumbarthapuram (25-1-2006) Ariyankuppam (25-2-2009) and Karaikal (11-8-2005).
2002
The first batch of Uzhavar Udhaviyagams were inaugurated at Bahour, Karaimanickam, Villianur & Thirukkanur in May 2002 with the objective of providing one-stop solution to the problems of farmers at their down step. So far 35 Uzhavar Udhaviyagams have been established in all four regions of the Union Territory serving 2-3 villages each.

The Pondicherry Ground Water Regulation Act 2002 was enacted and pursuant to this the Pondicherry State Ground Water Authority was established in 2004.
2005
The Pondicherry Agricultural Workers Welfare Society was established.
2008
The Union Territory of Puducherry State Horticulture Development Society was set up to implement the programmes of the National Horticulture Mission, which is one of the Prime Minister's Flagship Schemes.
2011
The Puducherry Water Resources Organization (PWRO) was established. A State Hydrology Organization (SHO), functioning as the State Level Nodal Agency, responsible for implementing the project activities, with officials from the Agriculture Department and Public Works Department, comprising of the Project Coordinator, Joint Project Coordinator, Procurement Specialist and a Training Coordinator, has been formulated. The State Level Steering Committee (SLSC), headed by the Secretary in-charge of Irrigation, provides policy guidance to the SHO in the implementation, supported by the State Level Hydrological Information System Coordination Committee (SLHISCC) on the technical issues, which is headed by the Project Coordinator of the Hydrology Project.