About the State Plan Schemes
1. Integrated Programme for Promotion of Agriculture Production and Technology
To ensure adequate availability of certified seeds to farmers, especially in the case of paddy, pulses & groundnut and offering suitable incentives and developing infrastructure for seed processing etc. Distribution of agricultural inputs such as seeds, micro nutrient mixtures, plant protection chemicals & equipment, tools and implements, farm machineries etc., needed by the farmers for increasing the production will be made available at subsidized cost.
To minimize the post-harvest losses by making available improved threshing floors and storage structures to farming community. The farm machineries required for Post-harvest operations will be made available for custom hiring to member beneficiaries based on the extent and needs. Tarpaulins will be provided under subsidy to protect the produce from unexpected precipitation.
To revamp M/s. Pondicherry Agro Service & Industries Corporation to ensure timely distribution of agricultural inputs to farming community and also to revamp the M/s. Pondicherry Cooperative Sugar Mills, Lingareddipalayam to facilitate prompt disbursement of cane price arrears to cane growers.
2. Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization
Farm Mechanization, despite its existing challenges, has brought about significant improvement in agriculture productivity. There is therefore a strong need for mechanization of agriculture operations. Need for timeliness of operations, quality and precision of operations, achieving higher productivity of land and labour, reducing cost of production and increasing employment opportunities both on farm and non-farm sectors through increase in area under cultivation through, multiple cropping, development of agro industries and related services, justify the need for mechanization of agriculture in the country.
Adoption of machines in farming operations has been increasing day by day as it results in considerable savings in the cost of production and also net increase in farm income. Farming operations in India have continued to be labour intensive. Despite high population in the country, there is acute shortage of man power for farming operations. The use of machine in farming operations has resulted in sustainable growth of agriculture with lower cost of operations. There has been a realization among the farmers, policy makers and development agencies that for increasing production and productivity and for reduction of cost of production, agriculture mechanization is essential.
With this intent, the Department of Agriculture, has adopted a multi-pronged strategy for promoting farm mechanization. The Department of Agriculture has been implementing the Scheme of Promotion of Agriculture Mechanization through Training Testing and Demonstration. The Scheme for Promotion of Agriculture Mechanization through Training Testing and Demonstration was implemented during the XI Five Year Plan to promote agriculture mechanization by popularizing new technology based equipment’s, human resource development in the field of agriculture mechanization and quality improvement of farm machines and equipment’s. To achieve this goal farm machineries and improved agricultural implements will be made available to farmers at subsidized cost.
3. Soil Resource Management and Inputs Quality Control
To monitor the soil fertility status effectively by intensive sampling and to build up a reliable database of Soil Resources for interpretation in relation with its production potential. To maintain the soil health for sustaining the production potential and generating fertilizer recommendations for individual crops to meet the farmers’ requirement based on the soil database thus created. To prevent further deterioration of soil productivity, fertility and sustainability.
4. Pilot Project on Establishment of Agri Clinics / Self Employment by Agri Technologists
The objective of the scheme aims to tap the expertise available in the large pool of Agriculture Graduates and Diploma Holders those who underwent vocational course in Krishi Vigyan Kendras. Irrespective of whether a fresh graduate or not, or whether currently employed or not, can set own Agri Clinics or Agri Business centre and offer professional extension services to innumerable farmers. The training to graduates in Agriculture and allied sectors like horticulture, sericulture, veterinary sciences, forestry, dairy, food technology, home science, pisciculture, poultry farming and fisheries etc.
5. Welfare Board for Agricultural Labourers and Promoting Crop Insurance
Agricultural Labour constitute the major chunk of workforce in the Union Territory of Puducherry, yet they are deprived of various facilities available to the labourers in organized sectors and other avocations such as fishing, construction and industries. The Agricultural Workers’ Welfare Society has been started to promote the welfare and social security of at the agricultural workers and their families in the Union Territory of Puducherry by taking up such programmes and schemes for the benefit as deemed necessary from time to time.
Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme
It is proposed to implement the Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme recently approved by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India in the name and style of “Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)” by extending 100% subsidy on the premium payable by the farmers to cover all the loanee and non-loanee farmers under the scheme by the Government of Puducherry.
As per the existing scheme pattern the maximum premium payable by the farmers for the notified food crops during Kharif 2016 is 2%, Rabi crops (1.5%) and 5% for annual crops / horticultural crops. The difference of premium payable over and above the premium paid by the farmers will be shared equally by the Central and State Government. The coverage of farmers under the scheme is compulsory for loanee farmers and it is optimal for non-loanee farmers.
The salient features of the scheme are as follows: -
- To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any notified crops as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases.
- To stabilize the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming
- To encourage farmers to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices
- To ensure flow of credit to agriculture sector
- The scheme will be implemented by the Agriculture Department in co-ordination with Agricultural Insurance Company of India (AIC) and some other empaneled private insurance companies to be notified by the State Government, by e-tender process.
- The State Level Coordination on Crop Insurance (SLCCI) under the chairmanship of the Secretary (Agriculture) will be responsible for the proper management of the scheme.
- The unit of insurance will be a Revenue Village.
- The losses due to prevented sowing and, post-harvest losses (individual farm basis), localized calamities (individual farm basis) will also be covered under the scheme.
6. Promotion of Organic Farming in Field Crops
To extend both organizational and financial assistance to the farmers who are coming forward to undertake organic farming by totally eliminating the use of inorganic fertilizer chemical pesticides and other chemical inputs in a phased manner and also to extend special marketing support with premium price for the agricultural produce grown by adopting organic farming.
7. Integrated Horticultural Development Programme through Diversification in Agriculture and Precision Farming
To bring more area under horticulture by diversification of agricultural crops, by crop rotation, inter-cropping, multi-cropping, multi-tier cropping and introduction of non-traditional less water consuming crops.
Aims to promote the cultivation of low water consuming crops, conservation of water fertigation with water soluble fertilizers and to bring diversification in agriculture through horticultural crops.
The technical evolution in the vegetable production is accompanied by changes in seedling production (through community nursery – pro tray high yielding seedling production under insect proof condition) cultural practices (deep ploughing with chisel plough, drip irrigation, fertigation with water soluble fertilizer, plant protection chemicals), post-harvest handling (grading and sorting) and marketing.
7. Introduction and Maintenance of e-governance initiatives
It was felt that information and communication technology is to be blended with the traditional extension activities so as to make it effective, efficient and far reaching. It was felt that the maximum information should be given to the farming community to enable them to arrive at informed decisions. Further it was felt that in the changing agricultural scenario worldwide, it is necessary to build up a market oriented extension network for which ICT is an integral part.
8. Setting up of Relief Fund to Provide Assistance to farmers
In case of natural calamities such as drought and floods the department is now depends upon the Revenue Department for funds to provide relief measures to the affected farmers. In order to obviate this need and to build a separate fund in the agriculture department itself to provide necessary relief and declamation measures immediately after calamity without any delay. It is proposed to set up a relief fund in order to ensure quicker and timely assistance to farmers affected by natural calamities & capacities of nature.
9. Strengthening of Agriculture Educational Institutions, Agricultural Marketing and Training Programmes
To support Agricultural Research Education and Training in the Union Territory of Puducherry by providing as grants-in-aid to PAJANCOA & RI, Karaikal, Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kurumbapet and Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Karaikal. The Kendra’s are performing its activities like imparting training to the farmers, farm women and rural youth, equipping the farming public with the vital and potential dexterity in the updated technical skill, keeping abreast the farm segment in the field of science and technological advancement and providing rigorous in service training to the staff of Agriculture and Line Departments.
To ensure an effective and efficient functioning of the Regulated Market Committees and Uzhavar Sandhais. It aims at streamlining the agricultural marketing so that the producers should get very good remunerative prices and get relief from the middlemen. The Regulated Markets dealing with crops such as paddy, groundnut, pulses, gingelly, cumbu, ragi, maize and cotton etc.
The training programmes for the officials and staff of the department are proposed to be organized, to channelize the Human Resource potential for increasing the efficiency, achieve higher productivity in all the scheme works, reorient the psychological and mental attitude of the personnel in the execution of duties and for creating a better interface between the Official machinery and farming community.
10. Infrastructure Facilities for Marketing, Farm Mechanization and Minor Irrigation
The objective of the scheme “Rural Infrastructure Development Fund” (NABARD) to extend financial assistance to this Union Territory of Puducherry, to set up new infrastructural facilitates to rural areas. Under this scheme, availing financial assistance from NABARD for construction of rural godowns, market yards, auction yards and purchase of farm machineries etc.
11. Integrated Scheme for Development, Harvesting, Recharging and Conservation of Ground Water
In order to meet the relentless increase in the demand for water for various purposes and to achieve the goal of optimal use and sustainability and to derive the maximum benefits through development, storage, conservation, distribution and reuse, it has become necessary to make water resources development more imperative by implementing a comprehensive integrated scheme with the following objectives: -
- Rainwater Harvesting and Recharging groundwater
- Water conservation and management
- Construction of rain water harvesting structures like mini lakes and ponds in Karaikal region
- Assessment of ground water potential and monitoring of ground water quality
- Stabilization of irrigation command
“The Puducherry Ground Water (Control and Regulation), Act” was enacted, and is being enforced by a separate body “Pondicherry Ground Water Authority”. The behavior of ground water was monitored intensely in terms of quality and quantity.