Vision & Mission
Agriculture is one of the most important occupations for the people of Pondicherry. About 45% of the total population of the UT depends directly or indirectly on farming. The main crop of this territory is paddy.
The four isolated territories of the Union Territory of Puducherry are scattered over different agro climate zones and hence have varying cropping patterns. While multiple cropping and a high cropping intensity is possible in Pondicherry region due to favourable soil and climatic conditions, a homogenous cropping pattern with paddy being the predominant crop followed by rice fallow pulses prevails in Karaikal region. Mahe and Yanam regions are but tiny territories together accounting for less than 6% of the net area sown
Agriculture sector contributes less than 2% of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of the Union Territory of Puducherry. This shows the declining trend, this is partly due to the deceleration of agricultural growth coupled with the development of secondary and tertiary sectors, which is an All India Phenomenon.
During the last five decades the U. T. of Puducherry has made significant strides in the field of Agriculture by increasing the productivity of agricultural land, achieving crop diversification, exploiting irrigation potential, building infrastructure, creating a well-unit input and marketing network etc.
Challenges ⁄ Constraints
Agriculture in the U.T. of Puducherry is facing many challenges and constraints. The arable land is shrinking due to increasing demands from other sectors with land fragmentation further reducing the per capita land availability. The irrigation water available for cultivation is depleting due to the over exploitation of aquifer. The quality of water is deteriorating due to the intrusion of sea water. The labour scarcity during the peak agricultural season has an adverse effect on the agricultural operations. Situated in the coastal area, Puducherry is frequently affected by natural calamities. The increasing cost of agricultural inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc. and the non-remunerative prices for the agricultural produce are other bottlenecks faced by the farmers.
The principal food crops are rice, maize, jowar (cholam), bajra (cumbu), ragi, and pulses (Bengalgram, Redgram, Greengram, Blackgram and Horsegram). The cash crops include cotton, sugarcane, oilseeds, coconut, gingelly and chillies. The important horticultural products are bananas and mangoes.The state is the largest producer of bananas, flowers, tapioca, coconut, groundnut and sugarcane. The plantation wealth of the UT lies in Mahe region mainly. Crops like coconuts, arecanuts, condiments and spices are grown in less quantity. Pulses, groundnut and chillies are other crops grown in Yanam.
State Support for Agriculture
The major initiatives undertaken by the Government of Puducherry to achieve the targeted agricultural production during Twelfth Five Year Plan are listed below –
- Adoption of System of Rice Intensification technology.
- Promotion of Precision Farming - adoption of drip fertigation with all scientific practices.
- Restoration of Soil Health – Need based Macro and Micro Nutrient application as per Soil Health Card recommendations.
- Quality seed supply – Promotion of newly released High Yielding / Hybrids. Special steps to enhance the availability of quality pulses seeds and oilseeds.
- Encouraging production of Vermi Compost at Farm Hold Level and Municipal Compost production and Bio-input production by Self Help Groups for enriching soil health besides promoting green manuring and use of bio-fertilizers.
- Promotion of Micro Irrigation / Minor Irrigation – especially for high water intensive crops like sugarcane and coconut
- Special focus to enhance the productivity of pulses through DAP spraying / Micro Nutrient application and timely plant protection.
- Steps to promote soil and moisture conservation measures, compartmental bunding, establishsing farm ponds and adoption of dryland development technologies to enhance productivity of rainfed crops, besides distribution of machineries suitable for rainfed condition.
- Farm Mechanization - Distribution of machineries to overcome the problem of labour scarcity.
- Technology dissemination through private extension and input supply by establishing Agri Clinics with soil testing facilities in all the blocks.
- Empowerment of farm women groups technologically, socially, and economically by involving them to take up entrepreneurial activities.
- Establishment and maintenance of regulated markets to facilitate marketing of agricultural produce for the benefit of the farming community.
- Creating awareness among the farmers about the benefits of grading, marketing, value addition and processing their produce through regulated markets by taking up training, publicity and propaganda.
- Promotion of Food Processing to minimize wastage of agricultural products and to increase employment opportunities.
Vision & Mission
The prime objective of the Department of Agriculture is to promote all agricultural activities in the U.T of Pondicherry for the benefit of the farming community.
Improving land productivity, achieving crop diversification, building infrastructure, creating well-organized marketing network, increasing area under horticultural crops and making agriculture more profitable.
Providing one stop solution to the farmers for all their field problems through ‘Farmers’ Help Centre’s – “Uzhavar Udhaviyagam’s”, distribution of timely & quality agricultural inputs through PASIC Agro Depots, agricultural marketing intervention by establishing Market Committees in the rural areas and Uzhavar Sandhais in urban areas for marketing of horticultural products, encouraging cultivation of less water consuming crops especially horticultural crops, rationalizing the use of groundwater and preventing indiscriminate conversion of agricultural lands through Land Use Planning.
Activities of the Department –
- Educating the farmers on scientific Agriculture by conducting demonstrations in their holdings and conduct of training programmes.
- Arranging for the timely supply of inputs through the single window service system and Agro Service Industries Corporation and also enforcing quality control.
- Maintaining soil fertility by advocating the use of plant nutrients based on soil testing
- Ensuring the judicious utilization of ground water.
- Advocating need-based plant protection to save the crops from the ravages of pests and diseases at affordable cost and introduction of Integrated Pest Management techniques.
- Undertaking soil and water conservation programmes to arrest the soil and water losses.
- Providing marketing infrastructure to assure the farmers to get fair price for their produce by establishing Regulated Markets in all the regions.
- Development of horticulture by supplying quality planting materials at subsidized cost.
- To review the existing land use pattern and explore the possibilities of proper utilization of land according to its capability.
- Farm mechanization and distribution of improved tools and equipment.
- Bringing agricultural labourers and marginal farmers under group insurance cover.
- Analysis of soil and water samples and advocate suitable recommendations to the farmers for maintaining the soil fertility.
- Supply of quality agricultural inputs and agricultural implements through PASIC.
- Encouraging the production of foundation and certified seeds.
- Imparting training to the farmers on various latest scientific technologies including conduction of trials, demonstrations and study tours.
- Hiring of farm machineries to the farmers on nominal hire charges.
Under the jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture, 11 nos. of autonomous / quasi government institutions / corporation / societies are functioning in the Union Territory of Puducherry viz. –
- Pondicherry Agro Service and Industries Corporation (PASIC), Thattanchavady, Puducherry
- Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Krishi Vigyan Kendra (PKKVK), Kurumbapet, Puducherry
- Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Madur, Karaikal
- Pandit Jawharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute (PAJANCOA & RI), Karaikal
- Puducherry Agricultural Workers Welfare Society (PAWWS), Botanical Garden, Puducherry
- Puducherry Seed Certification Agency (PSCA), Directorate of Agriculture Complex, Puducherry
- Puducherry Market Committee (PMC), Thattanchavady, Puducherry
- Karaikal Market Committee (KMC), Karaikal
- Yanam Market Committee (YMC), Yanam
- Puducherry Ground Water Authority (PGWA), Kariamanikuppam, Puducherry
- Puducherry Water Resources Organization (PWRO), Kalapet, Puducherry
The Department of Agriculture is the third largest department in the Union Territory of Puducherry implementing 22 nos. of schemes, which includes 9 nos. of Centrally Sponsored Schemes and 5 nos. of building programmes which are being implemented by the Public Works Department to help the farming community whenever necessity. As a result, the department holds 37 nos. of Technical posts assisted by ministerial staff viz. 6 nos. of Additional Directors, 6 nos. of Joint Directors, 22 nos. of Deputy Directors, 2 nos. of Hydrogeologist and 113 nos. of Agricultural Officers to cover all Uzhavar Udhaviyagams, Regional Offices and various government undertaken institutions.